The official website for the States of Alderney

Government

Alderney is a self-governing, democratic territory and one of the principal islands of the Bailiwick of Guernsey in the Channel Islands. The Bailiwick of Guernsey, and therefore Alderney, is not represented in Parliament at Westminster. UK Acts of Parliament only apply to the Island if it is expressly agreed that they should do so. Although the origins of the States of Alderney are unknown, it has functioned since the Middle Ages making it one of the world's oldest parliaments.

There are no political parties in Alderney. Government is carried out by the States of Alderney (the legislature) which consists of a President and ten States Members. 

Routine government is performed by three principal committees Policy and FinanceGeneral Services, and Building and Development Control. These three committees are run by States Members and each work under a different mandate and have a separate budget. In addition, two members of the States are nominated as representatives to the Guernsey States of Deliberation.

  • The President 

    • The President is the highest civil figure in Alderney and is appointed by the electorate of Alderney for a four-year term. There is no constitutional limit to the number of terms they may serve

    • The Presidents role is the equivalent/similar to the Speaker of the UK House of Commons. They chair a monthly States Meetings and ensure correct constitutional procedures are followed. It is their job to help the political process run smoothly. They also act as an ambassador, representing the island on diplomatic matters and meet visiting dignitaries. 

    • The Presidency is the latest of a variety of political positions to govern the island. The office was established in 1949 after a new constitution establishing Alderney as a subordinate part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. 

    • The current president, William Tate has held the post since 2019.

  • States Members

    • The States of Alderney ten States Members are elected for four years terms, with half of the members having to stand for election every two years so that the entire parliament is changed over a period of four years. They are organised into three main committees: Policy & Finance CommitteeGeneral Services Committee, and Building and Development Control Committee, each of which works under a different mandate and has a separate budget. There are also numerous smaller committees.

    • A States Meeting, with every State Member present, is held every month in the Court of Alderney to discuss and debate reports, draft legislation and other matters. This is chaired by the island's president. 

    • You can find the contact details for each of your current 10 States Members and further information via this page.

  • The 1948 Agreement

    • Following the WWII Liberation of Alderney on 16th May 1945 the pre-war population was slow to return.  A first post war States meeting was held in January 1946. By the end of 1946 less than 50% of the pre-war population had returned.  Property boundaries were difficult to define. By 1947 the States of Alderney had little sense of direction and no evident solutions or money to resolve the enormous problems which had to be confronted.

    • This led to the proposal that Guernsey take over responsibility for Alderney's most important public services. These were termed "transferred services" because responsibility for them was transferred to Guernsey.  By virtue of the Alderney (Application of Legislation) Law, 1948 Guernsey acquired the right to legislate in all matters necessary to discharge the duties conferred upon it to run the transferred services. 

    • pdf icon 1948 Agreement [2Mb] 

    • pdf icon 1948 Resolution [551kb]

  • Transferred Services

    • While Alderney enjoys full autonomy in law (except in matters of foreign affairs and defence, like the other Channel Islands and the Isle of Man), under the provisions of the formal agreement 'The 1948 Agreement' entered into between the Governments of Alderney and of Guernsey, certain matters are delegated to Guernsey. These are known as 'transferred services'.

    • Transferred services include: policing, customs and excise, airport operations, health, education, social services, childcare and adoption. (The States of Alderney retains policy control of aviation to and from the island).

    • The States of Guernsey assume financial, legislative and administrative responsibility for Alderney's airport, health, social and educational services, police and immigration.

    • In return for providing the transferred services Guernsey levies various taxes and duties on Alderney.

  • Legislation

    • The States of Alderney has its own law-making powers apart from matters of law and order and some transferred services; it may also give its approval to laws passed by the States of Guernsey.  Primary legislation is sent to the UK via the Ministry of Justice for approval of the Privy Council, while secondary legislation may be approved locally.  Alderney has one single tier of Government and therefore the members who sit in the Executive also sit in the Legislature. The drafting of the laws is undertaken by the Law Officers of the Crown in Guernsey.

  • The United Kingdom's involvement

    • The United Kingdom looks after the Channel Islands in the fields of Foreign Affairs, Defence, Fisheries Protection and the islands' association with the European Union (EU).

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